Thessaloniki or Salonica is the second-largest city of Greece and the capital of Macedonia, the country's largest region. The Thessaloniki Urban Area extends around the Thermaic Gulf for approximately 17 kilometres (11 miles) and comprises 16 municipalities. The municipality of Thessaloniki has a population of approximately 365,000 while the metropolitan population is close to one million.
Thessaloniki is the second major economic, industrial, commercial and political center of Greece, and is a major transportation hub for the rest of southeastern Europe. Its commercial port is also of great importance.
The City of Thessaloniki hosts the annual International Trade Fair, the Thessaloniki International Film Festival, and the largest bi-annual meeting of the Greek diaspora.
Numerous Byzantine monuments can be found throughout the municipality of Thessaloniki.
Athens (Greece), Hersonissos (Chersonissos), Malia, Chania, Rethymno, Iraklio (Heraklio) Crete, Santorini, Mykonos (Myconos), Rhodes, Kos, Lesvos, Corfu, Samos, Zakynthos and other popular destinations in the Greek islands, as well as Halkidiki, Thessaloniki and other parts of mainland Greece.